Low back pain (acute and chronic)

This toolkit aims to support health care professions in supporting and managing people presenting with low back pain in terms of identifying those that may go on to develop chronicity (chronic pain related disability) and those that have chronic low back pain. Where guidelines have included both assessment and management, the guideline link will be posted in both sections.

Assessment / Diagnosis: 
The following links will provide up to date and evidence based guidance in assessing and possibly diagnosing low back pain. Low back pain is a heterogeneous term that can involve multiple mechanisms and in many cases, other than a diagnosis of low back pain, specifically identifying the mechanisms responsible for generating pain remains unknown. The following sites are helpful in supporting assessment and possible diagnosis of back pain.
Management / Guidelines: 
The following links provide up to date, evidence based guidance and guidelines on managing low back pain, including acute and chronic. The guidelines on preventing chronic low back pain are found in the acute back pain links. Links presented in this section also provide guidance on what information and advice may be given to reduce the impact of chronic pain-related disability.
Self Management: 

This section provides links to useful information to support self management in people who experience acute back pain and for those who live with chronic back pain.

Further Information: 
This section provides website that are helpful in looking at innovative ways of managing patients with chronic low back pain.